Capital Day School is very proud to offer Franklin County's only Lower Elementary Montessori (LEM) program for 6-9-year-old children that are in the 1st-3rd grades.


Our LEM teacher, Rachel Harrod, has an Elementary I-II Credential from the American Montessori Society and has also completed graduate work in Montessori Education from Xavier University. As a former Montessori student herself, Rachel has led the LEM classroom since the 2017-2018 school year and was formerly a Lower Elementary Montessori Assistant at the Prince of Peace School in Covington, KY.


The Lower Elementary Montessori program supports children's natural development tendencies in the followng

Social and Moral Development

Children in the Second Plane of Development (Dr. Maria Montessori's term for the elementary years) become increasingly sociable and interested in the community beyond their homes and classrooms. As they explore what it means to be a member of a community, matters of fairness take on great importance. The Montessori Method supports these tendencies through the following:

- multi-age classrooms with flexible groupings

- community agreements

- community meetings

- cooperative learning experiences

- shared responsibility for the classroom environment and routines

- trips into the community to further their studies


Cognitive Development

Between the ages of six and twelve, children develop the capacity for

abstract thought. Because this process is a gradual one, Montessori

continues to use hands-on didactic materials to introduce new concepts

across the curriculum. The materials become progressively more abstract

to scaffold students' understanding. Just as in pre-primary Montessori

environments, elementary students are free to move at their own pace

through the materials.


Imagination and Cosmic Education

Dr. Montessori believed imagination to be "the great power" of children in the Second Plane of Development. Because it allows the mind to access distant times and places, it is essential for the study of history and the cosmos. As children become eager to explore questions of origin and purpose, Dr. Montessori encouraged us to give them "a vision of the whole universe" (To Educate the Human Potential, 1948/2007). Cosmic education, the study of history and of all the sciences, seeks to do just that. The purpose at this stage is not for children to become experts in any given subject but rather to help them explore the nature of the universe and their unique role in it. Cosmic education seeks to cultivate dignity, agency, and appreciation for the contributions and interrelatedness of all living creatures.


The Lower Elementary Montessori Curriculum is categorized into the following subjects:



- reading

- writing

- grammar

- mechanics

- word study

- sentence analysis

- handwriting


Math and Geometry

- numeracy and the decimal system

- basic operations: addition, multiplication, subtraction, and division

- memorization of math facts

- advanced multiplication (squaring, multiplication of binomials and trinomials and 2 and 3-digit multipliers)

- measurement

- fractions

- geometry: solids, shapes, lines, angles, polygons, circles


Cultural Subjects

- measurement of time

- natural and human history

- geography

- physical science

- biology


Practical Life (variable, but may include)

- cooking

- handwork (sewing, rug-hooking, etc.)

- gardening